Key to Ancient Umbria

Site Map: Romans

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Roman Conquest of Italy

Conquest of Veii - Sack of Rome (437 - 390 BC)

Topic: Collegium Fetialum

Topic: Temple of Jupiter Feretrius and the Spolia Opima

Topic: Temple of Jupiter Feretrius Back up

Topic: Etruscan League in the Republican Period ?

Topic: Marcus Furius Camillus

Topic: Temple of Juno Regina on the Aventine

Sack of Rome to Renewal of Peace with the Latins (390 - 358 BC)

Topic: Sedition of M. Manlius Capitolinus and its Aftermath (385 - 377 BC)

Topic: Licinian- Sextian Rogations  (376 - 367 BC)

Political Settlement  I (396 - 358  BC)

Renewed Latin Peace to Start of 1st Samnite War (358 - 343 BC)

First Samnite War (343 - 341 BC)

Second Latin War (341 - 338 BC)   

Between the 2nd Latin and the 2nd Samnite War (337 - 328 BC)   

Political Settlement II  (340 - 328 BC)

Second Samnite War I (328 - 316 BC)    

Second Samnite War II (315  - 312 BC)

Political Settlement III  (318 - 312 BC)

Second Samnite War III (311 - 304 BC)

Topic: Temple of Salus

War in Etruria and Umbria (311 - 308 BC)

Livy: Papirius’ 2nd Dictatorship (310/9 BC)

Manuscript Corruption

Between 2nd and 3rd Samnite Wars (304 -298 BC)

Topic: Temples of Concordia

Political Settlement IV  (304-299 BC)

Third Samnite War (298 - 290 BC)

Battle of Sentinum (295 BC)  

Conquest of the Sabines (290 BC)    

Wars with Gauls and Etruscans (285 - 280 BC)

Roman Expansion in Italy (285 - 264 BC)

First Punic War and its Aftermath (264 - 241 BC)

Between the First and Second Punic Wars (241 -218 BC)

Citizen Settlement in Cisalpine Gaul and Liguria

Second Punic War I (218 - 216 BC)

Second Punic War II (216 - 201 BC)

Roman Conquest of Italy: Topics

Titus Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus

Marcus Valerius Corvus

Dictatorship Clavi Figendi Causa  

Lucius Papirius Cursor and Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus

Manius Curius Dentatus

Umbrian League in the Republican Period ?

Lege Sacratae (431 and 191 BC) 

Leges Sacratae  and the Samnite Linen Legion (293 BC)  

Samnite Armour  

Temple of Victoria (294 BC)

Temples of Jupiter Victor and Jupitor Syayor (295-4 BC)

Temple of Quirinus (293 BC)  

Temples Dedicated in 194 - 191 BC  

Temples Dedicated to Vediovis in 194  and 192 BC  

Cult of Vediovis

Cult of Juno Sospita

Victory Temples in Rome (146 BC)

Romanisation of Italy

CSS and Praefecturae

Etrurian Praefecturae

Citizen Settlement in Volscian and Hernician Territory    

Citizen Settlement in Samnium    

Citizen Settlement on the Sabine Lands    

Upper Sabinium and Nursia

Citizen Settlement in the Ager Gallicus    

Citizen Settlement in Picenum    

Citizen Settlement in Umbria

Citizen Settlement in Campania

Roman Prefectures

30 Latin Colonies of 209 BC

Colonies after Hannibal

Maritime Colonies (338-241 BC)

Colonies in the 2nd Century BC


Marius, Sulla and Pompey

Social War (90 - 89 BC)


Pompey’s Early Career (83 - 67 BC)

Pompey’s Eastern Commands (67 - 62 BC)

Caesar, Octavian and Augustus (65 BC- 27 AD)

Caesar (69-59 BC)

Caesar (58-44 BC)

Octavian (44-29 BC) 

Augustus (29 BC - 14 AD) 


Divine Descent of the Gens Julia

Lucius Julius Caesar (consul of 64 BC)

  1. Lucius' Putative Libri Pontificales

  2. Lucius' Putative Libri Auspiciorum

Atticus and Dictator Years

Caesar’s Divine Honours 

Temple of Venus Genetrix

Perusine War (41 - 40 BC)

Divus Julius

Temple of Divus Julius

Temple of Mars Ultor

Revived Etruscan Federation


Early Empire (13 - 67 AD)

To follow.

Four Emperors (68 - 69 AD)

Year of the Four Emperors and Flavians (68 - 69 AD)

Literary Sources

Flavians (69 - 96 AD)

Main Page: Flavian Dynasty (69-96 AD)   

Domitian's Temples to Jupiter

Flavian Dynasty: Haterii Temple/ Temple of Jupiter Stator 

Literary Sources

Nerva  to Commodus (96 - 192 AD)

For more detail, see the page on Nerva  to Commodus (96 - 192 AD)

Year of the Five Emperors (193 AD)

Year of the Five Emperors (193 AD)

Severan Dynasty (193 - 235 AD): 

Main Page

Death of Septimius Severus (211 AD)    

Elagabalium/ Temple of Jupiter Ultor

Military Crisis (235-85 AD)

Valerian (253-60 AD) and Gallienus (253-68 AD)

Gallic Empire (260-74 AD)   

Claudius II (268-70 AD)

Carus, Carinus and Numerian (282-5 AD) 

Literary Sources  

Diocletian to Constantine (285-337 AD)

Diocletian (284-305 AD)

Diocletian's Rise to Power (284-5 AD)

Diocletian and Maximian (285-93 AD)

First Tetrarchy (293-305 AD)

Diocletian, Maximian and Rome (285-305 AD)

Military Campaigns: Maximian and Constantius  in the West (293-305 AD)

Military Campaigns: Diocletian and Galerius in the East  (293-305 AD)

Imperial Cult (285-305 AD)

Literary Sources: Diocletian to Constantine (285-337 AD)

Galerius as Augustus (305-11 AD)

Galerius before Carnuntum (305-7 AD)    

Constantius as Augustus (305-6 AD)

Accession of Constantine (306 AD)  

Maxentius and Maximian in Rome (306-7 AD)

Maximian’s Herculian Dynasty (306-7 AD)

Galerius after Carnuntum (308-11 AD)    

Licinius (308-11 AD)     

Maxentius in Rome: (308-11 AD)  

Maxentius' Public Works 

Maxentius' Complex on Via Appia    

Maxentius' Coins for Divus Romulus (309 AD) Constantine in Gaul (308-11 AD)    

Constantine, Divus Claudius and Sol Invictus 

Consecrated Tetrarchs (306-11 AD)    

Consecrated Tetrarchs: Mausoleum Coins

Literary Sources: Diocletian to Constantine (285-337 AD)

Maximinus, Augustus Maximus (311-2 AD)

Maximinus, Augustus Maximus (311-2 AD)    

Diocletian (died 311 AD ?)

Maxentius in Rome: (311-2 AD)    

Maxentius' Consecration Coins (311 AD) 

Maxentius' Rotunda on the Sacra Via     

Maxentius and the Gens Valeria  

Constantine's Invasion of Italy (312 AD)  

Battle of the Milvian Bridge (312 AD)

Literary Sources: Diocletian to Constantine (285-337 AD)

Constantine (312-37 AD)

Constantine as Primi Nominis (312-24 AD)  

Constantine as Sole Augustus (324-37 AD)


Constantine and Rome    

Constantine's Re-naming of Cities    

Constantine's Imperial Cult      

Divus Constantinus

Literary Sources: Diocletian to Constantine (285-337 AD)

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